Nepal Hilfe Officially Handover the Houses to Earthquake Victims

Bettina with Kanchi Dahal and her son

On December 13th, 2016, representative of Nepal Hilfe Miss. Betina Gemperli handed over three houses to earthquake victims of Jhaukhel. This is one of the devastated areas of Bhaktapur due to the earthquake of 25th April 2015, followed by several aftershocks. Nepal-Hilfe had funded to build 3 houses with three rooms and  bathroom in Jhaukhel for victims’ relief. The beneficiaries were Mr. Krishna Pd. Dahal, Mrs. Kanchi Dahal, and Salik Ram Dahal.

Farmer occupational Mr. Krishna Pd. Dahal, one of the beneficiaries of earthquake relief, is a permanent resident of jhaukkhel-1, Bhaktapur. He has two wives and 2 children.  His house was totally damaged and children were injured at the devastating 1st day earthquake.  After the quake, he and his family used to stay at neighbor’s house, later they moved to temporary shelter constructed by Nepal-Hilfe.

Mrs. Kanchi Dahal house owner, 72 years old, living with 6 family members including her 41 years old physically weak son at Jhaukhel -1, Bhaktapur. Her daughter in law looks after her family by doing animal husbandry. Her mud house was collapsed due to the massive earthquake.

Mr.Salik Ram Dahal, 54 years old, beneficiary of the earthquake victims are living with 6 family members including his physically impaired father at Jhaukhel-1, Bhaktapur. His mud house was also damaged by the earthquake.

Nepalhilfe representative Miss.Betina went for site inspection and handed over houses to the beneficiaries.  All of them expressed their appreciation by welcoming Miss. Betina and thanking Nepal Hilfe team. After accomplished furnishing stuff, beneficiaries will move to the new houses.

There were supporters and contribution from Nepalhilfe der VHS Bhaktapur, Management Training Environment and Engineering Consultancy (MTEEC) and beneficiaries to make this house project successful. Nepalhilfe der VHS Bhaktapur play the role identifies, provide necessary information of the beneficiary, site inspection per need. MTEEC provided the houses design and cost estimation as well as technical support for shelter. Beneficiaries provide water and electricity and storage places to keep necessary material as per need.

There are two other beneficiaries in housing plan, Mr. Badri Phuyal and Mr. Ram Sharan Bastola . 20 years old Mr. Phuyal has 3 family members with main household income sources as agriculture. His father passed away when he was 13 and grandmother died in the earthquake. So, his mother’s and his sibling’s responsibilities are upon him. After his house collapsed due to earthquake, he became totally helpless. His education expenditure is bore by VHS Bhaktapur. Similarly, Mr. Ram Sharan Bastola, an asthma patient living in the same village at Bhaktapur, also a  another one of the earthquake victim. Mr. Bstola has 4 family members. His house was completely destroyed due to earthquake. In the present, they both are collecting all basic required documents to start house.

Bettina with Salik Ram Dahal’s father and wife

Mr.Krisna PD Dahal and his New House

Bettina with Mr.Krishna Pd Dahal and his wife and son

 

Toilet Construction Project at Sindhuli was Completed

On the 28th of August 2016, the building construction (washrooms with tin roof) project at Shree Kapileshowr Lower Secondary School, Jhagajholi, Ratmata-9, Dhungechour, Sindhuli was accomplished. Nepal-Hilfe had funded to built 2 washrooms with tin roof on the 11th of May, 2016. Sindhuli was one of most devastated areas dIMG_1973 (3) ue to the earthquake of 25th April 2015, followed by several aftershocks.

School family including teachers, students and parents expressed their gratitude to Nepal-Hilfe for their kind support. Nepal-Hilfe had donated NPR 60,000/- to completed indeed necessity (toilet) of school to accommodate its 150 students. From now, the students do not need to wonder for sanitation as they did in previous days.IMG_1968 (2)IMG_1048IMG_3855

 

 

Nepal-Hilfe team Reached in Need

On the 11th of May 2016, Nepal-Hilfe team agreed to build 2 washrooms with tin roof at Shree Kapileshowr Lower Secondary School, Jhagajholi, Ratmata-9, Dhungechour, Sindhuli. Jagajholi was one of the most devastated areas due to the earthquake of 25th April 2015, followed by several after shucks. Our team visited and found that the school indeed required a well-build washroom to accommodate its 150 students.

After 85km drive from Bhaktapur, we meet the school principal Mr. Mohan Lal

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School teacher with Red Sticker

Chaulagai, who was already on the wayto receive us.  We had lunch together and walked on the country side for one and half hour up to the school. The structural condition of the school was substantial damaged. The government had introduced a system for accessing the harm the earthquake had done to any infrastructure by giving them stickers. The building had got 2 red stickers and one green meaning that the 2 buildings were not be used. Out of three building 1 had collapsed and one red sticker building was still functions as a classroom despite the danger of collapsing.

 

There were 8 members waiting for us at the school office including 5 school teachers, a mason, a parent and the chair person of school management committee. They had prepared an estimation cost for one permanent toilet with cemented roof. The overall

estimate cost to complete building adding with transportation was higher than estimated. The estimated cost of school was Rs 125700/- .  Lacking enough budgets to follow the given estimation, at the end of the discussed CDN team changed their cost plan and agreed upon to build 2 cemented washrooms with tin roof separated for both male and female.

There were two Temporary Learning Classes with three rooms where 6 classes were

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TLC for Kinder Garden Children

running simultaneously. It was evident that more classrooms were needed. Since the school had already had an agreement with government to construct permanent five room building, we supposed that building a proper washroom could be a huge support for the school.

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At the end, group photos with Inge’s gift to the School Children

Nepalhilfe Attends “Living Under Threat of Earthquake” Conference

podium_living_under_the_threat_of_the_earthquake1From February 19 to 22, 2016, Nepalhilfe der VHS Bhaktapur (represented by Inge Patsch) attended an international conference titled “Living Under Threat of Earthquake” in Hotel Annapurna, Kathmandu, Nepal, hosted by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung). The speakers came from different countries, including Nepal, India, Pakistan, USA, Mexico, Italy, Germany, Bangladesh, Turkey, Malaysia, China, Switzerland, Canada, and Austria.

The theme of the conference is “Short- and Long-Term Management of Earthquake Risk conferenc_earthquake_2016_rameshwarand Damage Prevention in Nepal”, and the lectures are categorized into four broad topics: (1) Plate Tectonics and Earthquake, (2) Damage, Prevention, Restoration, (3) Disaster Management and Economics, and (4) Living With Natural Hazards. Through this holistic approach, the conference aims to illustrate future ways of perceiving risk, preventing damage, and conducting disaster management throughout Nepal.

Nepal Fault Line MapThere are three main ideas from the conference that are of most interest to us here in Nepalhilfe. The first idea is that the Kathmandu Valley does not directly lie on any fault lines. The valley is surrounded by two thrusts that are encircling the valley. This implies that since the valley is not located above a main thrust, the valley will not suffer from a direct impact, but the surface is still vulnerable to shaking.

The second idea is that despite the best efforts of experts and Earthquake Shaking Tableprofessionals to determine earthquake-resistant building designs, the only certain way to know if a building design is earthquake-resistant is if it has undergone testing with “earthquake shaking tables”. An earthquake shaking table is a device used for testing building components or structural models through a variety of simulated ground motions.

Lastly, the third idea is that the one-storey house model that Nepalhilfe is promoting for its beneficiaries is definitely safer than any multiple-storey design. This is because it is simpler to account for structural supports if there is only one storey, and there is no need to account for how much weight upper storeys would have to bear. Honda ShowroomThis was the case with the May 10 collapse of the Honda Showroom building in Sallaghari, Bhaktapur. Despite appearing like a new modern building, the building collapsed while the old buildings surrounding it remained intact. This was attributed to the presence of gym weights on an upper level of the building, which caused it to be unstable.

Although there are no perfect building models, some are more effective than others conferenc_earthquake_2016_break_discussiondepending on circumstances. The conference gave us a lot of things to think about with regards to our reconstruction projects, and we will definitely spend some time to review our plans again and to see if we can include some of the new ideas we gained from this conference.

One of the speakers at the conference, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Uwe Dorka (Head of the Steel and Composite Structures Department of the University of Kassel, Kassel, Germany) has a lot of information about different building control concepts for earthquake protection and about the need for structural models to undergo rigorous testing with earthquake shaking tables before they can be considered as earthquake-resistant. For those who are interested in learning more about these topics, they can read some of his works in the following links:

Hyde-Systems in Residential Buildings (Abstract): http://www.seru.metu.edu.tr/Istanbul/Abstracts/dorka.pdf

Continuous Geographically Distributed Testing Using Shaking Tables: http://risedr.tongji.edu.cn/5th_Kwang-Hua_Forum/downfile/2A/Uwe%20E.%20Dorka.pdf

You can also find his contact info in this link: https://www.uni-kassel.de/fb14bau/en/institute/iki/steel-and-composite-structures/staff.html

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Conference Group Picture, Hotel Annapurna, Kathmandu, Nepal